Access Control Lists are used to control traffic into and out of your network based on a given criteria. An ACL consists of a sequence of permit or deny statements that apply to network layer or upper layer protocols. Most often Access Control Lists are used for security reasons to filter traffic.Access lists are aplied per interface as:
- Inbound ACL – where packets are processed before they are routed;
- Outbound ACL – packets are routed to outbound interface, and then processed by ACL;
Cisco ACLs can be of two types, standard and extended.
Standard ACLs enable you to permit or deny traffic from source IP addresses. The destination of the packet and the port doesn’t matter.
Extended ACLs are more advanced and filter IP packets based on several criteria, for example, protocol type, source or destination IP address, source or destination of TCP or UDP ports.
Both ACLs types can be Numbered or Named (starting with Cisco IOS Release 11.2). In table below you can find what numbers are used for both IP ACLs types.
|Standard ACLs||1 to 99||1300 to 1999|
|Extended ACLs||100 to 199||2000 to 2699|